What is a Series LLC and Why You Should Care
The series LLC allows business owners to divide multiple investments and debts and to operate each LLC as a separate entity with its own name, bank account, and recordkeeping. Under the master LLC, each separate entity can operate autonomously.
Accountants have recommended tax structures to minimize tax liability. One new trend taking hold in over a dozen states is the Series LLC. It is worth a look. It will streamline operations, accounting, and cost. One option you might is for businesses to better protect your assets by setting up a series limited liability company or SLLC for short. Here is what you need about structuring your business as an SLLC and what protections the entity offers.
Why a SLLC?
The series LLC allows business owners to divide multiple investments and debts and to operate each LLC as a separate entity with its own name, bank account, and recordkeeping. Under the master LLC, each separate entity can conduct business independently and segregate membership interests, assets, liabilities, and operations.
For example, if you owns rental properties, you can operate each of the rental properties as a separate legal entity within an SLLC. The benefit is in the protections the separate LLC provides. If something happens and a tenant decides to sue your client in court, the liability would be limited to the assets of the one property LLC and not everything under the master LLC. Likewise, any debts or investments for the individual property belong solely to the one property.
How an SLLC works?
You have the option to have different members and managers run each LLC entity and your client may choose to grant each manager different rights and responsibilities. Each entity can secure its own contracts, pay its own debts and buy its own assets without affecting the other entities under the SLLC.
Most important, the SLLC offers you substantial liability protection. Like a corporation with subsidiaries, one entity’s assets are protected from the liability risks of the other LLCs under the master SLLC—without having to pay the additional formation fees. When you sets up a series LLC, they pay just one formation filing fee no matter how many LLCs are formed under the master. And like regular LLCs, series LLCs are also more flexible and simpler to form than a corporation.
Forming the SLLC
Currently, not all states allow the formation of series LLCs. Series LLCs can be formed in: Alabama, Delaware, The District of Columbia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wyoming, Wisconsin and Puerto Rico
In California, you cannot form an SLLC, but you can register an SLLC from another state.
The steps to forming an SLLC are similar to a traditional LLC and requires your client to file Articles of Organization with the Secretary of State. Your client will need to indicate in the Articles of Organization the plans and authorization for subset LLCs.
You also needs to create operating agreements to detail the guidelines for the complete operations of the master SLLC and then subsequent operating agreements for each entity under the master. Each operating agreement should outline any unique rules applicable to the individual entity.
Converting to a Series LLC
What if you already owns an LLC, can they make the switch to an SLLC? The answer is yes, however the process varies by state. In general, the LLC members must file an amendment to the Articles of Organization stating the conversion from an LLC to a series LLC. A new series LLC operating agreement also needs to be drafted indicating how the master LLC will be managed. In this case, filing an amendment is not sufficient. It’s also a good idea to use SLLC in the official title, such as Your Business, SLLC.
Only the master LLC is required to file a tax return and that will include information from all the series LLCs. Your accounting firm should guide your client through the complicated documentation, as tax treatment at the state level may be different than at federal level