IRS Warns of Shady Tax Preparers, Advises Taxpayers to Use Accountant
Income Tax Return Preparers
Tax preparation is the process of preparing tax returns, often income tax returns, often for a person other than the taxpayer, and generally for compensation. Tax preparation may be done by the taxpayer with or without the help of an accountant or CPA and can use online services. Tax preparation may also be done by a licensed professional such as an attorney, certified public accountant or enrolled agent, or by an unlicensed tax preparation firm. Because United States income tax laws are considered to be complicated, many taxpayers seek outside assistance with taxes (63.5% of individual tax returns in 2019 were filed by paid preparers). The remainder of this article describes tax preparation by certified public accountant or enrolled agent.
Income Tax Return Preparers in some states have licensing requirements for anyone who prepares tax returns for a fee and some for fee-based preparation of state tax returns only. The Free File Alliance provides free tax preparation software for individuals with less than $58,000 of adjusted gross income. People who make more than $58,000 can use Free File Fillable Forms, electronic versions of U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) paper forms.
The Federal Tax preparation cost of preparing and filing all business and personal tax returns is estimated to be $100 to $150 billion each year. According to a report from the U.S. Government Accountability Office, the efficiency cost of the tax system—the output that is lost over and above the tax itself—is between $240 billion and $600 billion per year. For tax return preparation, Americans Income Tax Return Preparers spent roughly 20% of the amount collected in taxes (estimating the compliance costs and efficiency costs is difficult because neither the government nor taxpayers maintain regular accounts of these costs). Tax preparation businesses have been plagued with controversies over Refund anticipation loans. Intuit, the developer of tax preparation software TurboTax, has lobbied to prevent the IRS from setting up a Web portal for electronic tax filing. This lobbying resulted in the introduction of the proposed Taxpayer First Act of 2019.