State and Local Taxes
Florida Taxes — A Quick Look
Major taxes collected in Florida include sales and use tax, intangible tax, and corporate income taxes. Information regarding these and additional taxes can be located from the list below. There is no personal income tax in Florida.
- Florida Sales Tax: Florida sales tax rate is 6%.
- Florida State Tax: Florida does not have a state income tax.
- Florida Corporate Income Tax: Corporations that do business and earn income in Florida must file a corporate income tax return (unless they are exempt).
- Florida Property Tax: Florida Property Tax is based on market value as of January 1st that year.
Taxes in Florida Explained
For decades, Florida has had one of the lowest tax burdens in the country, according to the independent research organization Tax Foundation. For 2013, Florida will place the fifth-lowest tax burden on its residents and businesses. But not all taxes are created equal, and the state collects in a variety of ways that residents need to be aware of.
The strength of Florida’s low tax burden comes from its lack of an income tax, making them one of seven such states in the U.S. The state constitution prohibits such a tax, though Floridians still have to pay federal income taxes.
Florida also does not assess an estate tax or an inheritance tax. No portion of what is willed to an individual goes to the state.
Floridians no longer need to pay taxes to the state on intangible goods, such as investments. The law requiring that tax was repealed in 2007.
The state charges a 6% tax rate on the sale or rental of goods, with some exceptions such as groceries and medicine. Additionally, counties are able to levy local taxes on top of the state amount, and most do—55 of the 67 Florida counties added local sales tax to the state tax in 2012. The highest amount added to the sales tax was 1.5% by 7 counties in 2012, bringing the total sales tax to 7.5% in those counties; that will increase to 8 counties in 2013. For a complete list of the additional sales tax rates by county, visit the Florida Department of Revenue: http://dor.myflorida.com/Pages/forms_index.aspx
State sales tax needs to be paid for internet or other out-of-state purchases, even if no tax was charged at the time of purchase or were charged at a rate less than the Florida sales and use tax rate. While this includes taxable items bought in Florida, it mostly applies to items bought outside of the state which was brought in or delivered. Florida residents are required to report these sales and pay the use tax on them personally.
Though the state government does not collect any property taxes, local governments receive much of their funding through these taxes. These rates are assessed at the local level and can vary by county, and they are based on the value of the property. Property taxes in Florida are some of the highest in the country, although there are several exemptions to try to lighten the load on some Floridians.
Property Tax Exemptions
Homestead Exemptions are available on primary residences in Florida. These exemptions can be available up to $50,000. However, only the first $25,000 of this exemption applies to all taxes. The remaining $25,000 only applies to non-school taxes.
Widow(er) Exemptions of $500 are available to widows and widowers who have not remarried. If you were divorced at the time of your ex-spouse’s death, you do not qualify for this exemption.
Senior Citizen Exemptions are available at http://dor.myflorida.com/dor/property/forms/current/dr501sc.pdf certain counties and cities only. They are valued up to $50,000 for residents 65 years old and older who have gross income below $20,000 in 2001 dollars, adjusted for inflation. This exemption is in addition to the Homestead Exemption.
Blind Person Exemptions of $500 are available to Floridians who are legally blind.
Total and Permanent Disability Exemptions are available for homeowners who have a total and permanent disability. Quadriplegics who use their property as a homestead are exempt from all property taxes. Others who must use a wheelchair for mobility or are legally blind and have a gross income below $14,500 in 1991 dollars, adjusted for inflation, can be exempt from all property taxes as well.
Veterans Exemptions exist in a number of different forms.
- A veteran documented as disabled by 10% or more in war or service-connected events can earn an additional exemption of $5,000 on any owned property.
- An honorably discharged veteran who is totally and permanently disabled or requires a wheelchair for mobility due to their service can be exempt from all property taxes. In some circumstances, this benefit can be transferred to a surviving spouse.
- An honorably discharged and disabled veteran who is 65 or older who was a Florida resident when they entered military service may be eligible for an additional exemption. The disability must be permanent and must have been acquired as a result of the military service. The property tax will be discounted based on the percent of the disability.
- Members of the military deployed during the last calendar year can receive exemptions based on the percent of the time during the year they were deployed.
Florida collects taxes on many other goods and services residents pay for. Documentary Stamp Taxes are assessed on documents that transfer interest in Florida real property, such as warranty deeds and quitclaim deeds. Additional taxes are charged for fuels, tobacco products, communications services, and more. For a full account of taxes charged in Florida, see the Florida Department of Revenue website.
Corporate Income Tax
While individuals do not have to pay income taxes, the same is not true for all types of businesses in Florida. Corporations and artificial entities that conduct business, or earn or receive income in Florida, including out-of-state corporations, must file a Florida corporate income tax return unless exempt. They must file a return even if no tax is due. Sole proprietorships, individuals, estates of decedents, and testamentary trusts are exempted and do not have to file a return. S Corporations are usually exempt as well unless federal income tax is owed. The Florida Corporate Income Tax rate is 5.5%.
For more information about the types of businesses in Florida, click here.
Reemployment Tax (formerly Unemployment Tax)
Eligible businesses must also pay the Reemployment Tax. Formerly called the Unemployment Tax before being renamed in 2012, this tax is used to give partial, temporary income to workers who lose their jobs through no fault of their own, and who are able and available to work.
Make Sure You Assets are Not Over Assessed
Contador público en Miami demuestra su guía lo ayudará a planearlo todo, preparándolo para el éxito. Guía de Planificación Financiera de Pequeñas Empresas Para el Año Nuevo. Leyes fiscales para las pequeñas empresas para el próximo período. Consejos de planificación fiscal para pequeñas empresas de fin de año 2020. Pasos para constituir una empresa.
Conduct market research. Market research will tell you if there’s an opportunity to turn your idea into a successful business. Then hire an accountant in Miami. Write a business plan. Fund your business. Pick your business location. Choose a business structure. Choose your business name. Register your business. Get federal and state tax IDs.
Probablemente sea una buena idea que la mayoría de los propietarios de pequeñas empresas se concentren en el núcleo de su negocio, como vender ropa o diseñar sitios web y utilizar expertos Contador Público para ayudarlos en asuntos financieros. Según el IRS, más del 90% de las pequeñas empresas utilizan contadores para preparar sus declaración de impuestos, algo de lo que puede estar muy consciente durante la temporada de impuestos. Pero la declaración de impuestos de impuestos no es la única razón para utilizar un contador (Accountant o CPA en Inglés)
Income statement (also referred to as profit and loss statement (P&L), revenue statement, statement of financial performance, earnings statement, operating statement, or statement of operations) is a company’s financial statement that indicates how the revenue (money received from the sale of products and services before expenses are taken out, also known as the “top line”) is transformed into the net income (the result after all revenues and expenses have been accounted for, also known as Net Profit or the “bottom line”). It displays the revenues recognized for a specific period, and the cost and expenses charged against these revenues, including write-offs (e.g., depreciation and amortization of various assets) and taxes. The purpose of the income statement is to show managers and investors whether the company made or lost money during the period being reported.
Un plan de pagos es un acuerdo con el IRS para pagar los impuestos que adeuda dentro de un plazo de tiempo ampliado. Debe solicitar un plan de pagos si cree que no podrá pagar sus impuestos en su totalidad dentro del plazo de tiempo ampliado. Si califica para un plan de pagos a corto plazo, no será responsable de un cargo administrativo. El no pagar sus impuestos cuando se vencen puede causar la presentación de un aviso de gravamen por el impuesto federal y/o una acción de embargo del IRS. Consulta con Contador Publico en Miami.
How to read a balance sheet In financial accounting, a balance sheet or statement of financial position or statement of financial condition is a summary compiled by the Accountant of the financial balances of an individual or organization, whether it be a sole proprietorship, a business partnership, a corporation, private limited company or other organization such as government or not-for-profit entity. Assets, liabilities, and ownership equity are listed as of a specific date, such as the end of its financial year. A balance sheet is often described as a “snapshot of a company’s financial condition”. Of the four basic financial statements, the balance sheet is the only statement which applies to a single point in time of a business’ calendar year.