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The Health Care Law’s Effect on Your Tax Return

Health Care Law’s  and the Affordable Care Act contains tax provisions that affect the 2014 income tax return you file this year. Almost everyone is affected by the individual shared responsibility provision while only people who purchased coverage through the Marketplace are affected by the premium tax credit. The following chart will help you better understand what you need to do on your tax return. This chart is also available on IRS.gov/aca.

To help navigate these changes, taxpayers and their tax professionals should consider filing returns electronically. Using tax preparation software is the best and simplest way to file a complete and accurate tax return as it guides individuals and tax preparers through the process and does all the math. There are a variety of electronic filing options, including free volunteer assistance, IRS Free File for taxpayers who qualify, commercial software, and professional assistance

And everyone in your tax household had health coverage for the entire year Will simply check the box on line 61 of Form 1040,  line 38 of Form 1040-A, or line 11 of Form 1040-EZ
Enrolled in health insurance through the Marketplace Should receive a Form 1095-A Health Insurance Marketplace Statement from the Marketplace
Received a Form 1095-A, Health Insurance Marketplace Statement, showing you received the benefit of advance payments of the premium tax credit in 2014 Must file a tax return in 2015 and reconcile the advance payments with the amount of the premium tax credit allowed on your return.
Need to reconcile the advance payments of the credit with the credit allowed Make the calculations using IRS Form 8962 Premium Tax Credit (PTC)
Must repay any excess advance payments of the premium tax credit Must report the information on line 46 Form 1040 or line 29 of Form1040-A, and cannot file Form 1040-EZ
Are claiming the premium tax credit and did not benefit from advance payments of the premium tax credit  Must file a tax return and IRS Form 8962, Premium Tax Credit (PTC)
 Did not receive a Form 1095-A, Healthcare Insurance Marketplace Statement,from the Marketplace  Should contact the state or federal Marketplace through which you enrolled
Are claiming an exemption from the requirement to have health coverage for anyone on your tax return  Will complete Form 8965, Health Coverage Exemptions,and submit it with your tax return
Still need to obtain a religious conscience exemption or a hardship exemption that can only be granted by the Marketplace Should file an application with the Marketplace and follow the instructions below about how to report exemptions from the Marketplace on your tax return
Obtained an exemption from the Marketplace, and received your unique Exemption Certificate Number Will enter the Exemption Certificate Number in Part I of Form 8965, Health Coverage Exemptions, and submit the form with your return
Applied for an exemption from the Marketplace, but do not currently have an Exemption Certificate Number Will enter ‘PENDING’ in  Part I of Form 8965 Health Coverage Exemptions, and submit the form with your return
Are claiming an exemption that can be granted only from the IRS Will not need an Exemption Certificate Number, but will complete Parts II and III of Form 8965, Health Coverage Exemptions, and submit the form with your return
Are able to obtain the exemption from either the IRS or the Marketplace Should obtain the exemption from the RS by completing Part II and III of Form 8965,Health Coverage Exemptions, and attach this form to your federal tax return when you file
Are making a shared responsibility payment because you did not have health coverage or qualify for an exemption for any month in 2014 Will enter the payment amount on line 61 of Form 1040, line 38 of Form 1040-A, or line 11 of Form 1040-EZ

About the Author

Gustavo VieraGustavo A Viera is the managing partner of Gustavo A Viera, PA. His experience spans more than 25 years. He started his career in public accounting at PriceWaterHouseCoopers where reached the level senior audit manager. His Fortune 500 experience includes positions as CFO - Latin America Region for both Hewlett Packard and Telefonica of Spain. Gustavo also writes a blog twice a week that addresses trending accounting and tax issues. He is an SBA Advisor and teaches workshops for aspiring entrepreneurs. His office is located at One Alhambra Plaza Floor PH Coral Gables FL 33134, and is admitted to practice in the State of Florida as a licensed Certified Public Accountant. Gus welcomes questions and he can be reached at 786-250-4450.View all posts by Gustavo Viera →